Catalytic efficiency of a thrombomodulin-functionalized membrane-mimetic film in a flow model

Po Yuan Tseng, Sumanas W. Jordan, Xue Long Sun, Elliot L. Chaikof*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The protein C anticoagulant pathway generates an "on demand" physiologic anticoagulant response, which is initiated when thrombin binds to thrombomodulin (TM), a transmembrane protein constitutively expressed by endothelial cells. A stable, protein C activating membrane-mimetic film was produced on a polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) by in situ photopolymerization of a phospholipid assembly containing TM. The monoacrylated phospholipid monomer was initially synthesized and prepared as unilamellar vesicles with varying molar concentrations of TM. Membrane-mimetic films were constructed on planar substrates with defined surface concentrations of catalytically active TM. 125I-labeled radiolabeling demonstrated little change in TM surface concentration over periods of up to 4 weeks. We utilized a parallel plate flow system to investigate the effects of simulated arterial (500 s-1) and venous (50 s-1) shear rates and TM surface concentration (0-1400 fmol cm-2) on the rate and extent of activation of protein C. The rate of production of activated protein C increased with shear rate and TM surface content. However, in agreement with an analysis of reaction kinetics and mass transfer, experimental results demonstrate that reaction rates become saturated at TM surface densities greater than or equal to 800 fmol cm -2. We believe that the design of membrane-mimetic films that have the capacity to activate the protein C pathway will provide a useful strategy for generating "actively" antithrombogenic surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2768-2775
Number of pages8
Issue number13
StatePublished - May 2006


  • Anti-thrombogenic
  • Anticoagulant
  • Biomimetics
  • Membrane-mimetic
  • Thrombomodulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials


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