PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine whether three epidural catheter port cleansing techniques used to apply a povidone-iodine solution differed with respect to the introduction of this solution through the epidural catheter. DESIGN: Experimental. SETTING: Laboratory. SAMPLE: Five DuPen (Davol, Cranston, RI) epidural catheters. METHODS: Five DuPen epidural catheters each were cleansed twice with (a) a commercially available 10% povidone-iodine swabstick, (b) a commercially available pledget impregnated with 10% povidone-iodine, and (c) a gauze pad saturated with 10% povidone-iodine. The order of cleansing was randomized. Each solution was used to clean the port for 30 seconds, and the port was allowed to dry for 30 seconds, similar to the technique used in the clinical setting. After cleaning the catheter port, water was injected through the catheter, and the solution from the tip of the catheter was analyzed using absorbance spectrophotometry. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Cleansing techniques, presence of povidone-iodine in catheter. FINDINGS: A statistically significant difference existed between the three cleansing techniques, with the pledget yielding the lowest values of povidone-iodine contamination of the epidural catheter (Freidman test, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Use of pledgets allowed the least amount of povidone-iodine to enter the epidural catheter as compared with the swabsticks or gauze pads. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Commercially available pledgets used to cleanse catheter injection ports may limit the introduction of 10% povidone-iodine into the epidural or intrathecal space.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Oncology Nursing Forum|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1999|
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