Cavernous sinus fistulas: Carotid cavernous fistulas and dural arteriovenous malformations

Leonard Feiner, Jeffrey Bennett, Nicholas J. Volpe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Scopus citations


Direct and indirect carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are uncommon vascular anomalies that result in increased pressure in the cavernous sinus. The subsequent changes in blood flow lead to orbital venous congestion, cranial neuropathies, and glaucoma. The following review summarizes knowledge of the clinical features, natural history, diagnostic testing, and therapy for carotid cavernous sinus fistulas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this