CD4++ T-cell counts and plasma HIV-1 RNA levels beyond 5 years of highly active antiretroviral therapy

Xiuhong Li, Joseph B. Margolick, Beth D. Jamieson, Charles R. Rinaldo, John P. Phair, Lisa P. Jacobson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The heterogeneity of CD4+ T-cell counts and HIV-1 RNA at 5-12 years after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) remains largely uncharacterized. Methods: In the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, 614 men who initiated HAART contributed data 5-12 years subsequently. Multivariate regression was used to evaluate the predictors of CD4+ counts and HIV-1 RNA levels. RESULTS:: At 5 to 12 years post-HAART, the median CD4+ T-cell count was 586 (interquartile range, 421-791) cells per microliter and 78% of the HIV-1 RNA measurements were undetectable. Higher CD4+ T-cell counts 5-12 years post HAART were predicted by higher CD4+ T-cell counts and higher total lymphocyte count pre HAART, lack of hepatitis B or C virus coinfections, and greater CD4+ T-cell change and suppressed HIV-1 RNA in the first 5 years after starting HAART. Men who were 50 years and older with 351-500 CD4+ cells per microliter at HAART initiation had adjusted mean CD4+ T-cell count of 643 cells per microliter at 10-12 years post HAART, which was similar to the adjusted mean CD4+ T-cell count (670 cells/μL, P = 0.45) in this period for younger men starting HAART with lower CD4+ T-cell counts. HIV-1 RNA suppression in the first 5 years post HAART predicted subsequent viral suppression. Conclusions: Immunological and virological responses in the first 5 years post HAART predicted subsequent CD4+ T-cell counts and HIV-1 RNA levels. The association between age and subsequent CD4+ T-cell count supports incorporating age in the guidelines for use of HAART.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2011

Keywords

  • CD4 T-cells
  • HAART
  • HIV-1 RNA
  • age effects
  • response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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