CD99 is essential for leukocyte diapedesis in vivo

Eric M. Dufour, Alana Deroche, Youngmee Bae, William A. Muller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Recruitment of leukocytes into inflamed tissue requires migration of leukocytes from the blood stream across the endothelial lining and the basement membrane of the local blood vessels. CD99 in humans is a 32-kDa highly O-glycosylated cell surface protein expressed on most leukocytes. The authors recently found CD99 to be expressed in leukocytes and at human endothelial cell contacts. Human CD99 is involved in homophilic interaction between the two cell types and participates in the transendothelial migration of monocytes and polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) in vitro. To test the role of CD99 in vivo, the authors cloned murine CD99 (muCD99), expressed it in vitro, and generated a blocking monoclonal antibody against it. We first showed that muCD99 is expressed on mouse leukocytes as well as enriched at the endothelial cell borders. Transfection of cells with muCD99 imparts on them the ability to aggregate in a CD99-dependent homophilic manner. Cells expressing muCD99 did not bind to cells expressing murine or human platelet endothelial call adhesion molecule (PECAM) or human CD99. In the thioglycollate peritonitis model of inflammation, anti-CD99 monoclonal antibody blocked the recruitment of neutrophils and monocytes by over 40% and 80%, respectively, at 18 h. Microscopy showed that this blocking occurred at the luminal surface of venules. The authors conclude that CD99 plays a major role in the emigration of leukocytes in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-363
Number of pages13
JournalCell Communication and Adhesion
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


  • Adhesion molecules
  • CD99
  • Endothelial cells
  • Inflammation
  • Transendothelial migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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