CdCu3(OH)6Cl2: A new layered hydroxide chloride

T. M. McQueen*, T. H. Han, D. E. Freedman, P. W. Stephens, Y. S. Lee, D. G. Nocera

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


A new transition metal hydroxide chloride containing kagomé layers of magnetic ions, CdCu3(OH)6Cl2, has been synthesized and structurally characterized. The actual low symmetry P2 1/n structure can be derived from the ideal trigonal one with a change in cation distribution and coherent distortions of the anion framework. The result is a fundamentally different Cu2 kagomé framework than found in the related Herbertsmithite and Kapellasite minerals. Magnetization measurements show no transition to long range magnetic order above T=2 K, despite strong antiferromagnetic interactions with a Weiss temperature of θw=-150 K. Furthermore, we show that the structure of CdCu3(OH)6Cl2 and related hydroxide chlorides can be rationalized on the basis of [(OH)3Cl]4- pseudopolyatomic anions that pack and rotate, in much the same way as do traditional polyatomic anions. This opens the door to rational design of new and useful hydroxide chloride materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3319-3323
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011


  • CdCu(OH)Cl
  • Herbertsmithite
  • Kagome
  • Kapellasite
  • Paratacamite
  • Pseudopolyatomic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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