Cell adhesion molecule expression in coronary artery aneurysms in acute Kawasaki disease

Masaru Miura*, Francesca L. Garcia, Susan E. Crawford, Anne H. Rowley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The pathogenesis of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) formation in acute Kawasaki disease (KD) remains unclear. Cell adhesion molecules mediate cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and regulate leukocyte migration, angiogenesis and tissue remodeling. We hypothesized that cell adhesion molecules are expressed in acute KD CAA. Methods: P-selectin, E-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and integrin β1 were immunolocalized in coronary arteries from 6 acute KD patients and 7 controls. Results: In endothelial cells of adventitial neovasculature in KD CAA, P-selectin and integrin β1 were expressed in all of 6 patients, and E-selectin and/or VCAM-1 were expressed in 4 of 6. Endothelial cells in controls and in nonaneurysmal KD coronary arteries expressed P-selectin and integrin β1, but not E-selectin or VCAM-1. Integrin β1 was expressed on infiltrating leukocytes in 5 of 6 KD CAA and on fibroblasts in 6 of 6; these findings were absent in controls and in nonaneurysmal KD coronary arteries. Conclusions: The lack of widespread expression of E-selectin or VCAM-1 on endothelial cells of acute KD coronary arteries was surprising and suggests that inflammatory cell infiltration into KD coronaries is not simply the result of widespread up-regulation of cell adhesion molecules on endothelial cells by circulating cytokines. Rather, inflammatory cells may be directed to specific areas of the coronary arteries targeted by a pathogen causing KD. Our results suggest that E-selectin and VCAM-1 expression on neovasculature may contribute to neoangiogenesis and prolonged CAA inflammation and that integrin β1 might be involved in fibroblastic remodeling of acute KD CAA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)931-936
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • Cell adhesion molecule
  • Coronary artery aneurysm
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Kawasaki disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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