Cell cycle kinetics in rat prostatic epithelia: Nuclear migration during G2 phase

C. Lee*, C. L. Goolsby, J. A. Sensibar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Proliferative events in luminal epithelial cells of the rat ventral prostate were studied in 2 experiments. In experiment 1 a longitudinal survey of the rat prostate was conducted between 22 and 88 days of age. The pattern of temporal changes in the weight of the ventral prostate paralleled that of the testis, an observation consistent with the knowledge that the prostate is an androgen target organ. However, the total number of mitotic cells per prostate showed a biphasic pattern of distribution. The count was high (82 per prostate) in the prostate of 22-day-old rats and it decreased to a low value (25 per prostate) by age 30 days, a period corresponding to the onset of puberty in rats. The total mitotic count per prostate increased gradually and reached a peak (85 per prostate) around age 60 days when it started to decline gradually despite a continuous increase in prostatic weight. In experiment 2 cell cycle parameters of these cells were determined in young adult rats (age 70 days or 250 gm. body weight) by an in vivo 3H-thymidine pulse-chase approach. The apparent duration of various phases of the cell cycle was estimated as G1-11.5 hours, S-6.5 hours, G2-3.0 hours, M-2.0 hours and total cell cycle-23 hours. The fraction of cells in the S phase was 2.1%, which was extrapolated to give rise to a total growth fraction of 7.4%. In addition, it was noted that there was a migration of the nucleus from the base toward the apex of the epithelial cells during the G2 phase of the cell cycle in preparation for cell mitosis. Following mitosis nuclei of the 2 daughter cells returned to the usual basal position. These parameters will be used as basis of our future kinetic studies in the rat prostate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2294-2299
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number6 II
StatePublished - 1994


  • cell movement
  • epithelioid cells
  • mitotic index
  • prostate
  • rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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