Cellular model systems to study cardiovascular injury from chemotherapy

Hananeh Fonoudi, Paul W. Burridge*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In spite of all the efforts for generating efficient pharmacological treatment options for cancer patients, the unwanted side effect of these substances on the cardiovascular system is becoming a major issue for cancer survivors. The fast pacing oncology field necessitate the quest for more accurate and reliable preclinical screenings. hiPSCs derived cardiomyocytes, endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells provide unlimited source of physiologically relevant cells that could be used in the screening platforms. Cells derived from hiPSCs can measure drug induced alterations to different aspect of the heart including electrophysiology, contractility and structure. In this review, we will give an overview of the different in vivo and in vitro preclinical drug safety screenings. In following sections, we will focus on hiPSCs derived cardiomyocytes, endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells and present the current knowledge of the application of these cells in unicellular cardiotoxicity assays. In the final part, we will focus on cardiac organoids as multi cell type platform and their role in cardiotoxicity screening of the chemotherapeutic drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of thrombosis and thrombolysis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Cardio-oncology
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Drug screening
  • Human induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Precision medicine
  • Vascular toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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