Central adaptation models of the vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic systems

J. M R Furman*, T. C. Hain, G. D. Paige

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

A theoretical analysis of two models of the vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic systems was performed. Each model contains a filter element in the vestibular periphery to account for peripheral adaptation, and a filter element in the central vestibulooptokinetic circuit to account for central adaptation. Both models account for 1 adaptation, i.e. a response decay to a constant angular acceleration input, in both peripheral vestibular afferent and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) responses and 2 the reversal phases of optokinetic after-nystagmus (OKAN) and the VOR and 3 oscillatory behavior such as periodic alternating nystagmus. The two models differ regarding the order of their VOR transfer function. Also, they predict different OKAN patterns following a prolonged optokinetic stimulus. These models have behavioral implications and suggest future experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-264
Number of pages10
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science(all)

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