Central nervous system

Miriame Mino, Krisztian Homicsko, Roger Stupp*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) differ in many ways from other tumors. First, these tumors are separated by an important natural barrier, the blood-brain barrier, with the aim of defending the CNS from external noxa but, in the case of cancer, limiting the efficacy of therapy. Second, the tumors of the CNS are malignant not only because of their biological behavior but because of their localization. Even very small and slow-growing tumors localized at important regions of the brain, like the brainstem, can have serious, deleterious, and fatal impact. Finally, tumors of the CNS have a very important impact on the quality of life of patients, with long-term disabling effects on everyday life. Therefore, tumors of the CNS require early diagnosis and a rapid multidisciplinary approach to choose optimal treatment. In these cases, special attention must be taken to select chemotherapies and targeting agents that do cross the blood-brain barrier.The focus of this chapter is side effects from chemotherapies used to treat a wide variety of tumors, from gliomas to metastatic (meningeal disease) lesions from other organs. This chapter will discuss the main complications from the treatment of CNS disease (glioma, medulloblastoma, and carcinomatous meningitis), specifically from radiotherapy, from cytotoxic and targeted -anticancer therapy, and from supportive care measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSide Effects of Medical Cancer Therapy
Subtitle of host publicationPrevention and Treatment
PublisherSpringer London
Pages293-331
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)9780857297877
ISBN (Print)9780857297860
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Blood-brain barrier
  • CNS
  • Glioblastoma
  • Intrathechal chemotherapy
  • Temozolomide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Mino, M., Homicsko, K., & Stupp, R. (2013). Central nervous system. In Side Effects of Medical Cancer Therapy: Prevention and Treatment (pp. 293-331). Springer London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-85729-787-7_7