We describe a case of pediatric Sjögren's syndrome with progressive neurologic involvement. At age 4 years, she had been diagnosed with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. After being stable with facial diplegia and swelling for 5 years, she acutely presented with diplopia, vertigo, and ataxia. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a left dorsal midbrain lesion. Serologic and histopathologic findings confirmed primary Sjögren's syndrome. She responded well to intravenous methylprednisolone, with subsequent clinical improvement and MRI resolution. This report reviews the pediatric literature and underscores the importance of considering Sjögren's syndrome in a child with unexplained facial weakness and in the differential diagnosis of pediatric stroke.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology