Cerebrovascular disease. Pathophysiology and diagnosis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Cerebrovascular disease is a heterogeneous group of disorders which are set apart from one another by their unique pathophysiologic mechanisms and clinical manifestations. When classified in this manner, stroke is divided into two major categories: (1) hemorrhagic stroke - which results from rupture of a cerebral blood vessel into the subarachnoid space (subarachnoid hemorrhage) or brain parenchyma (intraparenchymal hemorrage); and (2) ischemic stroke - which results from occlusion of a cerebral artery due to degenerative vessel wall disease (atherosclerosis or lipohyalinosis) or emboli. Early recognition of the specific stroke types promises to lead to more effective diagnosis and treatment of cerebrovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-288
Number of pages14
JournalNursing Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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