Cervical spine fractures sustained by young children in forward-facing car seats

S. Fuchs, M. J. Barthel, A. M. Flannery, K. K. Christoffel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Child passenger safety restraint laws have reduced the number of children killed or injured in motor vehicle accidents in the past few years. However, the increased use of child safety seats has brought with it an increase in the misuse of these devices. High cervical spine injuries sustained by five children less than 2 years of age while in forward-facing car seats are described. In the cases of three children, the car safety seat use was correct. Misuse of car seats and anatomic and biomechanical factors in the cervical spines of infants and yound children appear to have contributed to the occurrence of these previously rare injuries. Like seat belts, car safety seats are now a factor in child passenger injury characteristics, and therefore, car safety seat design merits reevaluation. In light of this development, public and parent education by health care professionals concerning the correct use of car safety seats is necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-354
Number of pages7
JournalPediatrics
Volume84
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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