Exciton dynamics in π-conjugated molecular systems is highly susceptible to conformational disorder. Using time-resolved and single-molecule spectroscopic techniques, the effect of chain length on the exciton dynamics in a series of linear oligothiophenes, for which the conformational disorder increased with increasing chain length, was investigated. As a result, extraordinary features of the exciton dynamics in longer-chain oligothiophene were revealed. Ultrafast fluorescence depolarization processes were observed due to exciton self-trapping in longer and bent chains. Increase in exciton delocalization during dynamic planarization processes was also observed in the linear oligothiophenes via time-resolved fluorescence spectra but was restricted in L-10T because of its considerable conformational disorder. Exciton delocalization was also unexpectedly observed in a bent chain using single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. Such delocalization modulates the fluorescence spectral shape by attenuating the 0-0 peak intensity. Collectively, these results provide significant insights into the exciton dynamics in conjugated polymers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry