Chain snapping in Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids

Neelesh Patankar*, Howard H. Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


It is known that particles sedimenting in a viscoelastic fluid form chains. It has been observed in experiments and in numerical simulations that the last particle in the chain gets detached from the chain (chain snapping). In this paper the mechanism for the chain snapping was investigated. We found that this phenomenon is not peculiar to viscoelastic fluids. Similar chain snapping can be observed in Newtonian fluids under certain ideal conditions. A long chain of particles tends to fall faster than a single particle. This causes the separation of the last particle from the chain. In Newtonian fluids, detachment will not occur if the inertial wake effects are strong enough to cause substantial drag reduction on the last particle. In a viscoelastic fluid the detachment is also restricted by the normal stress due to the elastic effects of the fluid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLiquid-Solid Flows
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM'97. Part 24 (of 24) - Vancouver, Can
Duration: Jun 22 1997Jun 26 1997


OtherProceedings of the 1997 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM'97. Part 24 (of 24)
CityVancouver, Can

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Chain snapping in Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this