Change in the gastro-intestinal tract by overexpressed activin beta A

Mi Nyeu Kim, Young Il Kim, Chunghee Cho, Kelly Edward Mayo, Byung Nam Cho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Originally, activins were identified as stimulators of FSH release in reproduction. Other activities, including secondary axis formation in development, have since been revealed. Here, we investigated the influence of activin β A on the body, including the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract. Initially, the activin β A protein was detected in the serum proportional to the amount of pCMV-rAct plasmid injected. The induced level of activin β A in muscle was higher in female than male mice. Subsequent results revealed that stomach and intestine were severely damaged in pCMVrAct- injected mice. At the cellular level, loss of parietal cells was observed, resulting in increased pH within the stomach. This phenomenon was more severe in male than female mice. Consistent with damage of the stomach and intestine, activin β A often led to necrosis in the tip of the tail or foot, and loss of body weight was observed in pCMVrAct- injected male but not female mice. Finally, in pCMVrAct- injected mice, circulating activin β A led to death at supraphysiological doses, and this was dependent on the strain of mice used. Taken together, these results indicate that activin β A has an important role outside of reproduction and development, specifically in digestion. These data also indicate that activin β A must be controlled within a narrow range because of latent lethal activity. In addition, our approach can be used effectively for functional analysis of secreted proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1079-1085
Number of pages7
JournalMolecules and Cells
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2015

Fingerprint

Stomach
Intestines
Reproduction
Activins
activin A
inhibin beta A subunit
Tail
Foot
Digestion
Proteins
Plasmids
Necrosis
Body Weight
Muscles
Serum

Keywords

  • Activin
  • Digestion
  • Endocrine
  • Parietal cell
  • Stomach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kim, Mi Nyeu ; Kim, Young Il ; Cho, Chunghee ; Mayo, Kelly Edward ; Cho, Byung Nam. / Change in the gastro-intestinal tract by overexpressed activin beta A. In: Molecules and Cells. 2015 ; Vol. 38, No. 12. pp. 1079-1085.
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Change in the gastro-intestinal tract by overexpressed activin beta A. / Kim, Mi Nyeu; Kim, Young Il; Cho, Chunghee; Mayo, Kelly Edward; Cho, Byung Nam.

In: Molecules and Cells, Vol. 38, No. 12, 24.11.2015, p. 1079-1085.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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