Changes in bone turnover markers with HIV seroconversion and ART initiation

behalf of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study group (MACS)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Osteoporosis is common among HIV-infected persons and contributes to risk of fragility fracture. While ART initiation is associated with decreases in bone mineral density and increases in bone turnover, the impact of HIV on bone metabolismis unclear. Methods: We identified men at the Chicago site of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study who HIV seroconverted while under observation. Concentrations of 25-OH vitamin D, bone turnover markers [procollagen type 1 N terminal propeptide (P1NP), osteocalcin (OC), C-telopeptide (CTX)] and sclerostin were measured fromstored serum obtained at pre-HIV infection, pre-ART and post-ART initiation timepoints. Mixed models, with each biomarker as an outcome, were fitted. Timepoint, age, CD4 count (cells/mm3), HIV-viral suppression, season and an age by timepoint interaction termwere considered as fixed effects. Results: Data from52 participants revealed that median duration between HIV seroconversion and ART initiation was 8.7 years (IQR 3.7-11.6). Median CD4 and plasma HIV-RNA concentrations were 445 (IQR 298.5-689) and 20 184 copies/mL (IQR 6237-64 340), respectively, at the pre-ART timepoint. Multivariate analyses demonstrated pre-HIV infection levels of OC that were higher than pre-ART levels (6.8 versus 5.7 ng/mL, P=0.04); and pre-ART levels of sclerostin that were higher than post-ART levels (0.033 versus 0.02 ng/mL, P<0.001). No changes in P1NP, CTX and 25-OH vitamin D levels were detected. Conclusions: HIV seroconversion was associated with decreased OC levels while ART initiation was associated with decreases in sclerostin, a negative regulator of bone formation. Our results suggest that both HIV infection and ART have an impact on bone metabolismin white men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1456-1461
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology


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