Changes in discourse structure over time following traumatic brain injury

André Lindsey*, Jennifer Mozeiko, Frank Krueger, Jordan Henry Grafman, Carl Coelho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate structural changes in the narrative discourse of individuals with penetrating traumatic brain injury (pTBI) following immediate and delayed story retellings. Additionally, the potential influence of immediate memory, working memory, and executive functions on narrative discourse performance were examined. The narrative discourse of two groups, 123 with pTBI and 44 non-brain injured (NBI), was sampled. Participants were asked to retell a wordless picture story immediately after viewing it and again 30-min later. Story narratives were analyzed using a variety of microlinguistic and macrostructural measures. Results revealed significant group differences of both microlinguistic and macrostructural measures following the immediate retell, but not following the delayed retell. Regression analyses revealed that immediate memory accounted for a modest degree of the explained variance for the production of critical content during narrative discourse. The observed deficits were relatively stable over a short delay (30 min) and appeared attributable, in part, to difficulty with the encoding and consolidation of story content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-319
Number of pages12
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume119
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Penetrating Head Injuries
Short-Term Memory
Executive Function
Regression Analysis
Traumatic Brain Injury

Keywords

  • Cognitive-communication
  • Discourse
  • Language
  • Macrostructural
  • Memory
  • Microlinguistic
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Lindsey, André ; Mozeiko, Jennifer ; Krueger, Frank ; Grafman, Jordan Henry ; Coelho, Carl. / Changes in discourse structure over time following traumatic brain injury. In: Neuropsychologia. 2018 ; Vol. 119. pp. 308-319.
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Changes in discourse structure over time following traumatic brain injury. / Lindsey, André; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan Henry; Coelho, Carl.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 119, 01.10.2018, p. 308-319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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