Changing demographics among populations prescribed HCV treatment, 2013-2017

Naoky Tsai*, Bruce Bacon, Michael Curry, Steven L. Flamm, Scott Milligan, Nicole Wick, Zobair Younossi, Nezam Afdhal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the demographics and disease characteristics of patients prescribed treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection from 2013 through 2017, a time frame that encompasses the expansion of available direct-acting antiviral inhibitors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Using a proprietary disease-management program, data for 19,944 patients receiving HCV treatment were collected from providers and specialty pharmacies. Six-month time periods accounting for introductions of novel treatments were established as follows: December 2013 to May 2014 (n = 1438), simeprevir and sofosbuvir; October 2014 to March 2015 (n = 2242), ledipasvir/sofosbuvir and ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir; October 2015 to March 2016 (n = 5514), daclatasvir; July 2016 to December 2016 (n = 5562), elbasvir/grazoprevir and sofosbuvir/velpatasvir; and July 2017 to December 2017 (n = 5188), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir and glecaprevir/pibrentasvir. Changes over time were evaluated for statistical significance. RESULTS: In the 2013-2014 time period, 44% of patients receiving prescriptions for HCV treatment were treatmentexperienced and 45% had cirrhosis. By 2017, only 14% were treatment-experienced (P <.001) and 21% had cirrhosis (P <.001). The percentage of patients with HCV genotype 1 increased from 69% to 87% from 2013-2014 to 2014-2015 (P <.001) but subsequently decreased to 74% in 2017 (P <.001). The percentage of patients receiving HCV prescriptions in an academic setting declined from 61% in 2013-2014 to 13% in 2017 (P <.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the United States, since the introduction of interferon-free HCV regimens, the patient population prescribed treatment has changed, becoming predominantly treatment-naïve, without cirrhosis, and treated in nonacademic centers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-323
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Volume25
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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