Changing patterns of infections and antimicrobial susceptibilities

Georg Maschmeyer*, Gary A. Noskin, Patricia Ribaud, Kent A. Sepkowitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nosocomial bloodstream infections across the United States and in Europe are increasingly attributable to gram-positive species- a trend that represents a reversal of the gram-negative predominance of the previous decades. Data from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and elsewhere show that patients with hematologic malignancies or patients who are immunocompromised because of anticancer treatments are experiencing this shift in microbial spectrum. Most common among grampositive species are coagulase-negative Staphylococci. Antimicrobial resistance continues to increase, which makes treatment more difficult for infections caused by some species, especially vancomycin-resistant enterococcal species. The underlying causes of changes in microbial spectrum and drug-resistance patterns are incompletely understood, but it is clear that antibiotic exposure exerts a significant selective pressure on pathogens, resulting in partial or complete resistance. New drugs or drug combinations will be necessary to treat drug-resistant infections in cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalONCOLOGY
Volume14
Issue number8 SUPPL. 6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Changing patterns of infections and antimicrobial susceptibilities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this