Chaos Control of Epileptiform Bursting in the Brain

M. W. Slutzky, P. Cvitanovic, D. J. Mogul

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Epilepsy, defined as recurrent seizures, is a pathological state of the brain that afflicts over one percent of the world's population. Seizures occur as populations of neurons in the brain become overly synchronized. Although pharmacological agents are the primary treatment for preventing or reducing the incidence of these seizures, over 30% of epilepsy cases are not adequately helped by standard medical therapies. Several groups are exploring the use of electrical stimulation to terminate or prevent epileptic seizures. One experimental model used to test these algorithms is the brain slice where a select region of the brain is cut and kept viable in a well-oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid. Under certain conditions, such slices may be made to spontaneously and repetitively burst, thereby providing an in vitro model of epilepsy. In this chapter, we discuss our efforts at applying chaos analysis and chaos control algorithms for manipulating this seizure-like behavior in a brain slice model. These techniques may provide a nonlinear control pathway for terminating or potentially preventing epileptic seizures in the whole brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationControl of Chaos in Nonlinear Circuits and Systems
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9789812790576
ISBN (Print)981279056X, 9789812790569
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics


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