We study, numerically and analytically, the singular limit of a vanishing flowing layer in tumbled granular flows in quasi-two-dimensional rotating containers. The limiting behavior is found to be identical under the two versions of the kinematic continuum model of such flows, and the transition to the limiting dynamics is analyzed in detail. In particular, we formulate the no-shear-layer dynamical system as a piecewise isometry. It is shown how such a discontinuous map, through the concordant mechanism of streamline jumping, leads to the physical mixing of granular matter. The dependence of the dynamics of Lagrangian particle trajectories on the tumbler fill fraction is also established through Poincaré sections, and, in the special case of a half-full tumbler, chaotic behavior is shown to disappear completely in the singular limit. At other fill levels, stretching in the sense of shear strain is replaced by spreading due to streamline jumping. Finally, we use finite-time Lyapunov exponents to establish the manifold structure and understand "how chaotic" the limiting piecewise isometry is.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics