CHAPTER 10: Ultrafast Photochemical Reaction Trajectories Revealed by X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Using X-ray Free Electron Laser Sources

Lin X Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Ultrafast excited state structural dynamics of transition metal complexes have been recently studied at X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) sources that provide X-ray pulses with extraordinary photon flux and tens of femtosecond (fs) pulse durations. In this chapter, a recent study is used as an example to demonstrate that such new light sources can help in resolving electronic configurations for initial excited states before thermalization on the time scale of 100 fs or shorter. Ultrafast X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra at the Ni K-edge for the excited states of Ni(ii) tetramesitylporphyrin (NiTMP) before thermalization were measured at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) by X-ray transient absorption (XTA) using fs laser and X-ray pulses for the "pump-probe" approach. An excited state evolved from the Franck-Condon state is captured via the experimentally observed red-shifted 1s → 4pz feature and obeys an inverted kinetics with 1 ps rise and 0.3 ps decay time constants. Calculated XANES transitions for these excited states assign a short-lived transient signal to a transiently reduced Ni(i) (π, 3dx2-y2) center resulting from intramolecular charge transfer on a timescale that has eluded previous synchrotron studies. These combined results can be used to extract excited state structural dynamics before thermalization and to capture intermediates of potential photocatalytic significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThermoelectric Materials and Devices
EditorsUwe Bergmann, Junko Yano, Vittal K. Yachandra
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Pages201-224
Number of pages24
Edition18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Publication series

NameRSC Energy and Environment Series
Number18
Volume2017-January
ISSN (Print)2044-0774
ISSN (Electronic)2044-0782

Fingerprint

X ray lasers
Photochemical reactions
Free electron lasers
atomic absorption spectroscopy
Absorption spectroscopy
Excited states
Light sources
laser
trajectory
Trajectories
X rays
electron
Structural dynamics
X ray absorption
Ultrashort pulses
Laser pulses
timescale
Coordination Complexes
transition element
Electron transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Chen, L. X. (2017). CHAPTER 10: Ultrafast Photochemical Reaction Trajectories Revealed by X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Using X-ray Free Electron Laser Sources. In U. Bergmann, J. Yano, & V. K. Yachandra (Eds.), Thermoelectric Materials and Devices (18 ed., pp. 201-224). (RSC Energy and Environment Series; Vol. 2017-January, No. 18). Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782624097-00201
Chen, Lin X. / CHAPTER 10 : Ultrafast Photochemical Reaction Trajectories Revealed by X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Using X-ray Free Electron Laser Sources. Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. editor / Uwe Bergmann ; Junko Yano ; Vittal K. Yachandra. 18. ed. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. pp. 201-224 (RSC Energy and Environment Series; 18).
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abstract = "Ultrafast excited state structural dynamics of transition metal complexes have been recently studied at X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) sources that provide X-ray pulses with extraordinary photon flux and tens of femtosecond (fs) pulse durations. In this chapter, a recent study is used as an example to demonstrate that such new light sources can help in resolving electronic configurations for initial excited states before thermalization on the time scale of 100 fs or shorter. Ultrafast X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra at the Ni K-edge for the excited states of Ni(ii) tetramesitylporphyrin (NiTMP) before thermalization were measured at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) by X-ray transient absorption (XTA) using fs laser and X-ray pulses for the {"}pump-probe{"} approach. An excited state evolved from the Franck-Condon state is captured via the experimentally observed red-shifted 1s → 4pz feature and obeys an inverted kinetics with 1 ps rise and 0.3 ps decay time constants. Calculated XANES transitions for these excited states assign a short-lived transient signal to a transiently reduced Ni(i) (π, 3dx2-y2) center resulting from intramolecular charge transfer on a timescale that has eluded previous synchrotron studies. These combined results can be used to extract excited state structural dynamics before thermalization and to capture intermediates of potential photocatalytic significance.",
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Chen, LX 2017, CHAPTER 10: Ultrafast Photochemical Reaction Trajectories Revealed by X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Using X-ray Free Electron Laser Sources. in U Bergmann, J Yano & VK Yachandra (eds), Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. 18 edn, RSC Energy and Environment Series, no. 18, vol. 2017-January, Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 201-224. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782624097-00201

CHAPTER 10 : Ultrafast Photochemical Reaction Trajectories Revealed by X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Using X-ray Free Electron Laser Sources. / Chen, Lin X.

Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. ed. / Uwe Bergmann; Junko Yano; Vittal K. Yachandra. 18. ed. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. p. 201-224 (RSC Energy and Environment Series; Vol. 2017-January, No. 18).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - Ultrafast excited state structural dynamics of transition metal complexes have been recently studied at X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) sources that provide X-ray pulses with extraordinary photon flux and tens of femtosecond (fs) pulse durations. In this chapter, a recent study is used as an example to demonstrate that such new light sources can help in resolving electronic configurations for initial excited states before thermalization on the time scale of 100 fs or shorter. Ultrafast X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra at the Ni K-edge for the excited states of Ni(ii) tetramesitylporphyrin (NiTMP) before thermalization were measured at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) by X-ray transient absorption (XTA) using fs laser and X-ray pulses for the "pump-probe" approach. An excited state evolved from the Franck-Condon state is captured via the experimentally observed red-shifted 1s → 4pz feature and obeys an inverted kinetics with 1 ps rise and 0.3 ps decay time constants. Calculated XANES transitions for these excited states assign a short-lived transient signal to a transiently reduced Ni(i) (π, 3dx2-y2) center resulting from intramolecular charge transfer on a timescale that has eluded previous synchrotron studies. These combined results can be used to extract excited state structural dynamics before thermalization and to capture intermediates of potential photocatalytic significance.

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Chen LX. CHAPTER 10: Ultrafast Photochemical Reaction Trajectories Revealed by X-ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Using X-ray Free Electron Laser Sources. In Bergmann U, Yano J, Yachandra VK, editors, Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. 18 ed. Royal Society of Chemistry. 2017. p. 201-224. (RSC Energy and Environment Series; 18). https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782624097-00201