Characteristics and Trends of Highly Cited Articles in Calcaneus Fracture Research

Cody J. Goedderz, Colin K. Cantrell*, Stephen D. Bigach, Muhammad Y. Mutawakkil, Erik B. Gerlach, Bennet A. Butler, Anish R. Kadakia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Despite significant effort expended toward exploring fracture patterns, surgical timing, surgical approaches, and possible implants within the calcaneus fracture literature, treatment is still fraught with complications and controversy. This study aims to conduct a citation analysis of the most cited articles related to calcaneus fractures to highlight the most historically influential articles, as well as the more recent breakthrough articles that are leading change within the field. Methods: A literature search was performed via Scopus on September 20, 2021 using the terms “(calcaneus OR calcaneal OR hindfoot) AND (fracture OR injury)” to search “article title, abstract, and keywords” of all primary and review articles. Search results were rigorously reviewed to ensure appropriateness for this study. The 50 highest total cited included articles were analyzed. Title, authors, journal, country of origin, institution, year of publication, citation variables (total citation count, total citation density, citation count from the last 5 years, and 5-year citation density), and level of evidence were collected for each article. One-way analysis of variance with post hoc testing was used to identify differences in citation variables and level of evidence. Pearson correlation was used to directly compare different citation variables. Results: The total citation count average was 178±33, with a total citation density average of 9±2. The year of publication for the 50 articles ranged from 1948 to 2014, with a median year of 1999. Roy W. Sanders was the most productive author in the field, authoring 6 articles and lead authoring 3. The most frequent level of evidence was IV with 19 articles. There was a strong correlation between total citation density and 5-year citation density. The article level of evidence showed no impact on the included measures of an article’s influence. Conclusion: This study successfully analyzes and presents the characteristics among the highest cited articles related to calcaneus fractures. The provided characterization of influential works and authors highlights trends, impactful findings, and future areas of focus within calcaneus fracture literature. Level of Evidence: Review Article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Orthopaedics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • calcaneus fracture
  • citation analysis
  • citation count
  • citation density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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