Characteristics of Right Ventricular to Pulmonary Arterial Coupling and Association With Functional Status Among Older Aged Adults from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Monica Mukherjee*, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Vivek Jani, Karan Kapoor, Lauren Beussink-Nelson, Benjamin H. Freed, Allison G. Hays, Sanjiv J. Shah, Erin D. Michos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the echocardiographic:derived ratio of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) to pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) is an important prognostic tool in heart failure (HF), the relation with 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is less established. We sought to establish the normative values of TAPSE:PASP among older adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) and evaluate the relation with NT-proBNP and 6MWD. Among 1,542 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis-HF ancillary study, the cross-sectional association of TAPSE:PASP with the outcomes of 6MWD and NT-proBNP was analyzed using multivariable linear regression, with progressive adjustment for sociodemographic and CVD risk factors. Our cohort had a mean age (SD) of 73 ± 8 years, 55% women, and a mean TAPSE:PASP ratio of 0.68 ± 0.16. In the unadjusted analysis, increasing tertiles of TAPSE:PASP were associated with younger age, less diabetes, higher estimated glomerular filtration rate, and less antihypertensive medication use. The TAPSE:PASP ratio significantly correlated with both 6MWD and NT-proBNP in the fully adjusted models. A 1-unit increment in TAPSE:PASP was associated with an adjusted 9.9% (4.8% to 15.2%) higher 6MWD, whereas a 1-unit increment in TAPSE:PASP was associated with an adjusted 38.0% (16.0% to 54.2%) lower NT-proBNP. There was a significant gender interaction of the association of TAPSE:PASP ratio and 6MWD, with stronger association seen in women. Among multiethnic older adults free of clinical CVD, the TAPSE:PASP ratio decreased with age, especially in women and was associated with decreased 6MWD and increasing NT-proBNP, the markers of subclinical HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-51
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume196
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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