Anaphylactic reactions to dialysis have been associated with antibody to human serum albumin (HSA) that has been reacted with ethylene oxide (ETO). ETO, an agent used to sterilize dialyzers, is a potent alkylator of proteins. We have studied the antigenic characteristics of ETO-HSA. By use of immunoelectrophoresis we have demonstrated differences in electrophoretic mobility between HSA and ETO-HSA. By gel chromatography we have observed an apparent increase in the molecular weight of ETO-HSA as compared to HSA. Antigenic activity of ETO-HSA as determined by the technique of Lidd and Farr is found in all molecular weight fractions. Cutaneous reactivity to ETO-HSA can be transferred to subhuman primates. That reactivity is lost if the sera are heated to 56 °C for 4 hours. Antibody activity to ETO-HSA cannot be inhibited by ETO-glycine or HSA but can partially be inhibited by ETO-polylysine or ETO-ovalbumin. This suggests that antibody is directed against a new antigenic determinant on the ETO-protein moiety, probably an ETO-amino acid determinant like lysine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy