Purpose: More than 1,300,000 prostate needle biopsies are done annually in the United States with up to 16% incidence of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN). HGPIN has low predictive value for identifying prostate cancer on subsequent needle biopsies in prostate-specific antigen - screened populations. In contemporary series, prostate cancer is detected in ∼ 20% of repeat biopsies following a diagnosis of HGPIN. Further, discrete histologic subtypes of HGPIN with clinical implication in management have not been characterized. The TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion that has recently been described in prostate cancer has also been shown to occur in a subset of HGPIN. This may have significant clinical implications given that TMPRSS2-ERG fusion prostate cancer is associated with a more aggressive clinical course. Experimental Design: In this study, we assessed a series of HGPIN lesions and paired prostate cancer for the presence of TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion. Results: Fusion-positive HGPIN was observed in 16% of the 143 number of lesions, and in all instances, the matching cancer shared the same fusion pattern. Sixty percent of TMPRSS2-ERG fusion prostate cancer had fusion-negative HGPIN. Conclusions: Given the more aggressive nature of TMPRSS2-ERG prostate cancer, the findings of this study raise the possibility that gene fusion-positive HGPIN lesions are harbingers of more aggressive disease. To date, pathologic, molecular, and clinical variables do not help stratify which men with HGPIN are at increased risk for a cancer diagnosis. Our results suggest that the detection of isolated TMPRSS2-ERG fusion HGPIN would improve the positive predictive value of finding TMPRSS2-ERG fusion prostate cancer in subsequent biopsies. copy; 2008 American Association for Cancer Research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research