Characterizing Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Adult Spina Bifida Patients

Joceline S. Liu, Amanda X. Vo, Johnathan Doolittle, Nabeel Hamoui, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Stephanie J. Kielb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Objective To report the distribution of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) stages in adult spina bifida (SB) patients. The severity of POP in the SB population has not been previously reported. Materials and Methods Retrospective review of SB patients ≥18 years with a documented POP quantification examination between 2006 and 2014 were included. Patient demographics, gestation, parity, POP quantification examinations and prolapse symptoms were obtained. Results Thirty-three SB patients were identified with a mean age of 33.2 years. Five patients (15.2%) had stage 0 prolapse, 12 (36.4%) had stage 1, 12 (36.4%) had stage 2, 3 (9.1%) had stage 3, and 1 (3.0%) had stage 4. Of the 16 patients with advanced POP (stage 2 prolapse or greater), only 6 patients (37.5%) reported symptoms related to POP. All 6 symptomatic patients endorsed sensation of a vaginal bulge. Two of the 6 patients also reported dyspareunia. Additionally, 1 patient with advanced POP presented with vaginal bulge, noted by a caregiver, and cervical bleeding, but was otherwise asymptomatic. Twenty-four patients (72.7%) were nulliparous, and 12 of the 24 nulliparous patients (50%) demonstrated prolapse. Conclusion Despite young age and frequent nulliparity, patients with SB are more likely to have POP than the general population. Additionally, the majority of SB patients with prolapse are asymptomatic. Assessment of pelvic organ prolapse should be included in the evaluation of adult SB females due to the low rate of symptoms even in the setting of advanced stage prolapse and potential impact on both urinary and bowel function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-276
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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