Charge regulation mechanism in end-tethered weak polyampholytes

D. Prusty, R. J. Nap, I. Szleifer, M. Olvera De La Cruz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Weak polyampholytes, containing oppositely charged dissociable groups, are expected to be responsive to changes in ionic conditions. Here, we determine structural and thermodynamic properties, including the charged groups' degrees of dissociation, of end-tethered weak polyampholyte layers as a function of salt concentration, pH, and the solvent quality. For diblock weak polyampholytes grafted by their acidic blocks, we find that the acidic monomers increase their charge while the basic monomers decrease their charge with decreasing salt concentration for pH values less than the pKa value of both monomers and vice versa when the pH > pKa. This complex charge regulation occurs because the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged blocks is stronger than the repulsion between monomers with the same charge in both good and poor solvents when the screening by salt ions is weak. This is evidenced by the retraction of the top block into the bottom layer. In the case of poor solvent conditions to the basic block (the top block), we find lateral segregation of basic monomers into micelles, forming a two-dimensional hexagonal pattern on the surface at intermediate and high pH values for monovalent salt concentrations from 0.01 to 0.1 M. When the solvent is poor to both blocks, we find lateral segregation of the grafted acidic block into lamellae with longitudinal undulations of low and high acidic monomer density. By exploiting weak block polyampholytes, our work expands the parameter space for creating responsive surfaces stable over a wide range of pH and salt concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8832-8847
Number of pages16
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number38
StatePublished - Oct 14 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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