A composite system comprised of polyaniline nanofibers bonded with gold nanoparticles is shown to possess a memory effect via a charge transfer mechanism. The charge transfer occurs between the imine nitrogen in the polyaniline and the gold nanoparticles as confirmed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. This charge transfer enables a bistable electrical conductivity, allowing the material system to be used as a digital memory device. The charge transfer is further confirmed by the elimination of the conductance switching when the fully reduced form of polyaniline, leucoemeraldine, which possesses no imine nitrogens, is used in place of the emeraldine form.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)