Chemical hardness and the adaptive coordination behavior of the d 0 transition metal oxide fluoride anions

Michael R. Marvel, Rachelle Ann F. Pinlac, Julien Lesage, Charlotte L. Stern, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Five new isostructural d0 transition metal oxide fluoride compounds Rb3Na(NbOF5)2 H2O and A3Na(MO2F4)2 H2O (A = K, Rb and M = Mo, W) have been synthesized by hydrothermal methods and their original structures determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In these compounds, the sodium ions preferentially engage in strong electrostatic interactions with the least polar-izable fluoride ions and concurrently the Nb5+, M6+ (M = Mo, W) metal centers displace toward the oxide ion(s) located trans to the fluorides in order to maintain atomic valences. Consequently, the oxide and fluoride sites retain unequal charge and the most negatively charged ions form the most/strongest interactions with the cations. The electrostatic potentials and the chemical hardness differences of the oxide and fluoride ions thus determine the anion connectivities: the cis-oxo MO2F42- anions (M = Mo, W) engage in the most/strongest electrostatic interactions with the alkali counter-cations through the two fluorides trans to the cis oxides. The NbOF5 2- anion forms its most/strongest electrostatic interactions with the cations through the one fluoride position trans to the oxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)869-877
Number of pages9
JournalZeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
Issue number6-7
StatePublished - May 2009


  • Bond valence
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Oxyfluorides
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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