Chemotherapy dosing in the setting of liver dysfunction

John W. Eklund, Steve Trifilio, Mary F. Mulcahy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advanced cancer in the setting of liver dysfunction poses a dilemma for physicians, as many cancer chemotherapeutic agents undergo hepatic metabolism. Most cytotoxic drugs have a narrow therapeutic index, and the administration of chemotherapy to patients with liver impairment results in complicated safety issues. We present a concise review of cancer chemotherapy dosing in the setting of liver dysfunction. Although caution in treating all patients with hepatic failure is essential, the use of certain agents provokes greater concern than others. Continuous-infusion fluorouracil, capecitabine (Xeloda), mechlorethamine (Mustargen), cyclophosphamide, topotecan (Hycamtin), and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) appear to be relatively well tolerated. On the contrary, taxanes, vinca alkaloids, irinotecan (Camptosar), and anthracyclines may cause unacceptable toxicity if administered to patients with poor hepatic function. For many anticancer agents, the paucity of data prohibits formal dosing recommendations, and most guidelines remain empiric.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1057-1063
Number of pages7
JournalONCOLOGY
Volume19
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 12 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Eklund, J. W., Trifilio, S., & Mulcahy, M. F. (2005). Chemotherapy dosing in the setting of liver dysfunction. ONCOLOGY, 19(8), 1057-1063.