Child Health in Child Care: A Multi-state Survey of Head Start and Non-Head Start Child Care Directors

Ruchi S. Gupta, John M. Pascoe, Troy C. Blanchard, Diane Langkamp, Paula M. Duncan, Peter A. Gorski, Linda H. Southward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Directors of Head Start (HS) and non-Head Start (non-HS) child care centers were surveyed to compare health consultation and screening for and prevalence of health risks among enrolled children. Methods: Directors of licensed centers from five states were surveyed from 2004 to 2005. Data were analyzed using cross-tabulation and logistic regression techniques. Results: A total of 2753 surveys were completed. HS centers were more likely than non-HS centers to consult health professionals (P < .0001). More than 90% of HS centers screened for health problems compared with 64.9% of non-HS centers (P < .0001). Almost all HS centers provided parents with child health information. Children at HS centers were at high risk for dental problems. Less than 3% of HS center directors, versus 11.3% of non-HS directors (P < .0002), reported TV viewing for more than an hour a day. Discussion: Children in HS centers were more likely to receive health consultations and screenings, were at higher risk for dental problems, and watched less TV compared with children in non-HS centers. HS centers promoted health significantly more frequently than did non-HS centers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-149
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Health Care
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Keywords

  • child care
  • Head Start
  • health consultant
  • health education
  • health screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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