Childhood physical abuse, internalized homophobia, and experiential avoidance among lesbians and gay men

Sari D. Gold, Brian A. Feinstein, W. Christopher Skidmore, Brian P. Marx

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This study explored relations among childhood physical abuse, internalized homophobia, experiential avoidance, and current psychological symptoms in a community sample of 122 adult lesbians and 115 adult gay men. Childhood physical abuse predicted depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Furthermore, for gay men, internalized homophobia completely mediated the relation between childhood physical abuse and depression symptoms and partially mediated the relation between childhood physical abuse and PTSD symptoms. However, experiential avoidance did not mediate these relations. In contrast, experiential avoidance partially mediated the relation between childhood physical abuse and PTSD symptoms among lesbians; however, internalized homophobia did not mediate these relations. These findings suggest that internalized homophobia and experiential avoidance may have differential mediating roles in predicting psychological symptoms among lesbians and gay men who have experienced childhood physical abuse.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)50-60
    Number of pages11
    JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
    Volume3
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

    Keywords

    • childhood physical abuse
    • depression
    • gay
    • lesbian
    • posttraumatic stress disorder

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Childhood physical abuse, internalized homophobia, and experiential avoidance among lesbians and gay men'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this