Choroid plexus tumors in children: A population-based study

Sandi Lam*, Yimo Lin, Jacob Cherian, Usama Qadri, Dominic A. Harris, Stephanie Melkonian, Andrew Jea

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Choroid plexus tumors are rare neoplasms that primarily occur in children. The use of the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results) database allows for the analysis of the relationship between prognostic factors and survival. Methods: We analyzed the SEER database to select pediatric patients (<18 years old) with histologically confirmed diagnoses of choroid plexus papillomas (CPP; WHO Grade 0), atypical CPP (WHO Grade I) and choroid plexus carcinomas (CPC; WHO grade III). In univariate and multivariate analysis, we analyzed the relationship between demographic (age, gender, race, date of diagnosis) and treatment factors (extent of surgical resection, use of adjuvant radiation) on survival. Results: Overall, 168 pediatric subjects with choroid plexus tumors were identified as follows: 75 cases of CPP, 12 cases of atypical CPP and 81 cases of CPC. The median follow-up time was 3.5 years for CPP and 7.7 years for CPC. The median age at diagnosis was 4 years for CPP (10-90th percentile 0-16 years) and 1 year for CPC (10-90th percentile 0-10 years). In univariate regression analysis, CPC histology (β =-3.2, 95% confidence interval, CI-4.8 to-1.5, p < 0.001) was significantly associated with younger age at diagnosis in comparison to CPP. The mean tumor size was 3.7 cm for CPP and 6.0 cm for CPC (p < 0.001). A higher-grade tumor was associated with significantly increased mortality (hazard ratio, HR = 28.90, 95% CI 3.94-211.83, p = 0.001). Overall survival at 5 years was 98.7% for CPP and 58.5% for CPC (p < 0.001). Among those patients with CPC, gross total resection (GTR) was associated with a significantly lower mortality (HR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.07-0.66, p = 0.007). Overall survival at 5 years was 70.9% after GTR, significantly better than 35.9% after subtotal resection (p = 0.012) and 30% after no surgery (p = 0.003). Radiation treatment was not found to confer a survival benefit in CPC. No demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, date of diagnosis) were significantly associated with mortality. Conclusions: Analysis of a pediatric cohort of choroid plexus tumors in children in the SEER database shows that tumor grade is predictive of survival. In cases of CPC, the extent of surgical resection, especially GTR, is significantly associated with increased survival. Radiation did not confer survival benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric neurosurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 6 2013


  • Choroid plexus carcinoma
  • Choroid plexus papilloma
  • Choroid plexus tumor
  • Pediatric
  • SEER database

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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