Chromokinesin Kif4 promotes proper anaphase in mouse oocyte meiosis

Carissa M. Heath, Sarah M. Wignall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oocytes of many species lack centrioles and therefore form acentriolar spindles. Despite the necessity of oocyte meiosis for successful reproduction, how these spindles mediate accurate chromosome segregation is poorly understood. We have gained insight into this process through studies of the kinesin-4 family member Kif4 in mouse oocytes. We found that Kif4 localizes to chromosomes through metaphase and then largely redistributes to the spindle midzone during anaphase, transitioning from stretches along microtubules to distinct ring-like structures; these structures then appear to fuse together by telophase. Kif4's binding partner PRC1 and MgcRacGAP, a component of the centralspindlin complex, have a similar localization pattern, demonstrating dynamic spindle midzone organization in oocytes. Kif4 knockdown results in defective midzone formation and longer spindles, revealing new anaphase roles for Kif4 in mouse oocytes. Moreover, inhibition of Aurora B/C kinases results in Kif4 mislocalization and causes anaphase defects. Taken together, our work reveals essential roles for Kif4 during the meiotic divisions, furthering our understanding of mechanisms promoting accurate chromosome segregation in acentriolar oocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1691-1704
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume30
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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