Cigarette Mentholation Increases Smokers' Exhaled Carbon Monoxide Levels

Gregory E. Miller*, Murray E. Jarvik, Nicholas H. Caskey, Suzanne C. Segerstrom, Martin R. Rosenblatt, William J. McCarthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Male smokers (N = 12) participated in 3 controlled-dose smoking sessions spaced 1 week apart. In each session, Ss inhaled 1, 200 cc of cigarette smoke. Menthol dosage varied across sessions, such that Ss smoked experimental cigarettes that had been injected with 0 mg, 4 mg, or 8 mg of menthol. Exhaled carbon monoxide levels increased concomitantly with menthol dosage. There were no differences in smoking topography across the 3 conditions. The ability of menthol to increase the toxicity of cigarette smoke by raising carbon monoxide levels is discussed. Results suggest that menthol cigarette preference may account for some of the racial differences in smoking behavior and smoking-related outcomes found in past literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Miller, G. E., Jarvik, M. E., Caskey, N. H., Segerstrom, S. C., Rosenblatt, M. R., & McCarthy, W. J. (1994). Cigarette Mentholation Increases Smokers' Exhaled Carbon Monoxide Levels. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 2(2), 154-160. https://doi.org/10.1037/1064-1297.2.2.154