Civilian employment among recently returning Afghanistan and Iraq National Guard Veterans

Inger Burnett-Zeigler*, Marcia Valenstein, Mark Ilgen, Adrian J. Blow, Lisa A. Gorman, Kara Zivin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Objective: National Guard service members face deactivation from active duty soon after they return to the United States and rapid entry into the civilian workforce; therefore, it is important to examine employment among these Veterans. Methods: The sample included 585 National Guard service members. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted examining the associations between mental health symptoms, alcohol use, number of deployments, and combat exposure with employment status and full-time versus part-time employment as outcomes. Results: Fortyone percent of National Guard service members were employed 45 to 60 days following demobilization. Among those who were employed, 79% were employed full-time. Age, family income, and combat exposure were associated with employment; income and health status were associated with part-time versus full-time employment. Conclusions: Mental health status may not be strongly associated with initiating civilian employment among National Guard service members; however, better mental health status is associated with being employed full-time versus part-time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-646
Number of pages8
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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