Classification systems: Spine trauma

Ariana A. Reyes, Srikanth N. Divi, Thomas J. Lee, Dhruv Goyal, Alexander R. Vaccaro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Classification system for spine trauma has been in use for over 50 years but there continues to be significant debate on the ideal classification system as well as how newly developed classification systems should be validated for clinical use. The primary goal of this chapter is to provide an overview of the past and present classification systems for cervical, thoracolumbar, and sacral fractures. Additionally, a brief summary of the epidemiology and anatomy of each region will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeural Repair and Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury and Spine Trauma
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9780128198353
ISBN (Print)9780128198360
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Cervical spine fractures
  • Sacral fractures
  • Spinal classification systems
  • Subaxial injuries
  • Thoracolumbar
  • Upper cervical injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Classification systems: Spine trauma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this