Controversy exists concerning the most effective method of myocardial protection during coronary artery bypass graft operations. Accordingly, we performed a matched-pair analysis between 25 patients receiving multidose hypothermic potassium crystalloid cardioplegia and 25 other patients receiving cold blood potassium cardioplegia. Patients were matched on the basis of preoperative ejection fraction (EF) and the number of anatomically similar stenotic coronary arteries. The adequacy of myocardial protection was assessed by serial perioperative determinations of radionuclide ventriculography, hemodynamic measurements, analyses of electrocardiograms, and serum levels of MB-CK. We found that the level of myocardial protection was similar between unstratified groups. However, when subgroups were selected on the basis of prolonged aortic cross-clamp time (> ninety minutes) or impaired preoperative left ventricular function (EF < 40%), there was a suggestion that cold blood cardioplegia may be advantageous.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine