Clinical features of heart failure and acute coronary syndromes

Ravi B. Patel, Eric A. Secemsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This article provides a brief overview of the clinical presentation, laboratory and radiologic features, and basic management principles in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). CHF is a clinical syndrome that typically results in symptoms of congestion and hypoperfusion. A thorough physical examination complemented by cardiac biomarkers and imaging are essential in making the diagnosis. Medical and device therapies for CHF target improvement in survival as well as control of symptoms. The management of ACS involves making a prompt diagnosis through the use of a focused history and physical examination, electrocardiogram assessment, and cardiac biomarker evaluation. Timely revascularization along with optimal medical management have helped to improve patient outcomes and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalClinics in Laboratory Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Biomarkers
  • Cardiac markers
  • Clinical
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Laboratory medicine
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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