The purpose of this study was to determine if preoperative assessment (i.e., physical examination and history review) of pediatric patients can predict positive test results for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, surgery cancellations, and adverse anesthetic outcomes. Approximately 400 pediatric patients were identified for the study from infection control statistics and classified by RSV test result and surgery cancellation status into three groups for analyses. Researchers analyzed retrospective chart data of preoperative histories and physical findings using one way analysis of variance to compare age among the groups and Fisher's exact test to compare patient characteristics and signs and symptoms of illness. The results show that active RSV infection cannot be predicted by history and physical findings alone. In addition, patients who had a history of pulmonary disease and who were wheezing at the time of their examinations were more likely to have their surgeries cancelled, independent of positive test results for RSV infection.
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