Clinical manifestations of acute infection with human immunodeficiency virus in a cohort of gay men

R. Fox, L. J. Eldred, E. J. Fuchs, R. A. Kaslow, B. R. Visscher, M. Ho, J. P. Phair, B. F. Polk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

During a prospective study of the natural history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a cohort of gay/bisexual men, information on self-reported symptoms lasting for 3 or more days during the previous 6 months was collected without knowledge of the subject's HIV serological status. Twenty-two people were retrospectively found to have seroconverted to HIV during the interval. Each seroconverter was matched to two seronegative and two seropositive controls. Matched case-control analyses using the seronegative controls determined that the following symptoms lasting for 3 or more days were associated with new HIV infection: fever greater than37.7°C, swollen lymph nodes, night sweats and headaches. Matched case-control analyses using the seropositive controls determined that the following symptoms lasting for 3 or more days were associated with new HIV infection: fatigue, fever greater than 37.7°C, swollen lymph nodes, night sweats and headaches. It was notable that the majority of seroconversions were not associated with any symptoms lasting for 3 or more days. Due to their non-specificity, symptoms associated with seroconversion are not likely to have a high positive predictive value. In high risk populations, however, appearance of these symptoms may facilitate identification of early infection that may be important for studies of natural history or for optimal timing for initiating antiviral therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-38
Number of pages4
JournalAIDS
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Fox, R., Eldred, L. J., Fuchs, E. J., Kaslow, R. A., Visscher, B. R., Ho, M., Phair, J. P., & Polk, B. F. (1987). Clinical manifestations of acute infection with human immunodeficiency virus in a cohort of gay men. AIDS, 1(1), 35-38.