Clinical Practice Patterns and Evidence-Based Medicine in Secondary Cleft Rhinoplasty: A 14-Year Review of Maintenance of Certification Tracer Data From the American Board of Plastic Surgery

Alex M. Rokni, Aaron M. Kearney, Keith E. Brandt, Arun K. Gosain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate evolving practice patterns in secondary cleft rhinoplasty. Design: Retrospective review of data submitted during Maintenance of Certification (MOC). Setting: Evaluation of MOC data from the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Participants: Tracer data for secondary cleft rhinoplasty were reviewed from August 2006 through March 2020, and the data subdivided from 20062012 and 20132020 to evaluate changes in practice patterns. Interventions: Practice patterns in tracer data were compared to those from evidence-based medicine (EBM) literature over this time period. Main Outcome Measures: Practice patterns were compared to EBM trends during the study period. Results: A total of 90 cases of secondary cleft rhinoplasty were identified. The average age at operation was 13 years (range 4-77). Cumulative data demonstrated 61% to present with nasal airway obstruction and 21% to have undergone primary nasal correction at the time of cleft lip repair; 72% of patients experienced no complications, with the most common complications being asymmetry (10%) and vertical asymmetry of alar dome position (6%). Cartilage graft was used in 68% of cases, with 32% employing septal cartilage. Change in practice patterns between 2006 to 2012 and 2013 to 2020 demonstrated increase in dorsal nasal surgery (26% vs 43%, P =.034), use of osteotomies (14% vs 38%, P =.010), septal resection and/or straightening (26% vs 48%, P =.034), and turbinate reduction (8% vs 30%, P =.007). Conclusions: These tracer data provide long-term data by which to evaluate evolving practice patterns for secondary cleft rhinoplasty. When evaluated relative to EBM literature, future research to further improve outcomes can be better directed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • American Board of Plastic Surgery
  • cleft lip
  • continuous certification
  • evidence-based medicine
  • Maintenance of Certification
  • plastic surgery
  • secondary cleft rhinoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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