Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies were performed in 29 patients with clinical findings of stage B prostatic carcinoma with use of both T1 and T2-weighted spin echo sequences. MR imaging findings were correlated with surgical/pathologic results in 18 patients who underwent an operation. Periprostatic fat, periprostatic venous plexus, seminal vesicles, and lymph nodes were assessed from MR imaging studies. When each was assessed independently, the periprostatic fat signal had a sensitivity of 29%, specificity of 100%, and accuracy of 85% in detecting extracapsular tumor extension, whereas the periprostatic venous plexus had a sensitivity of 57%, specificity of 86%, and accuracy of 80%. MR imaging had a sensitivity of 50%, specificity of 97%, and accuracy of 89% for detecting seminal vesicular involvement. When all four anatomic features were taken into consideration, MR imaging had an accuracy of 89% (16 of 18 patients) in differentiating stage B from stage C or D disease (sensitivity 87%, specificity 90%). Our data indicate that MR imaging is a promising method for staging prostatic carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging