Clinical Use of the 193-nm Excimer Laser in the Treatment of Corneal Scars

Neal A. Sher*, Richard A. Bowers, Ralph W. Zabel, Jonathan M. Frantz, Richard A. Eiferman, David C. Brown, J. James Rowsey, Paula Parker, Varda Chen, Richard L. Lindstrom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

150 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phototherapeutic keratectomy using a 193-nm excimer laser was performed at four centers on 33 sighted patients with corneal opacity and/or irregular astigmatism. Pathologic conditions included anterior stromal and superficial scarring from postinfectious and posttraumatic causes, including inactive herpes simplex virus, anterior corneal dystrophies, recurrent erosions, granular dystrophy, and band keratopathy. Most patients received peribulbar anesthesia and underwent removal of the epithelium prior to laser ablation. A majority of patients had a reduction in the amount of corneal scarring and approximately half had improved visual acuity. No intraocular reaction or changes in endothelial counts were seen, and some patients avoided the need for penetrating keratoplasty. Reepithelialization usually occurred within 4 or 5 days and we noted no significant scarring secondary to use of the laser. It was difficult to eliminate preexisting irregular astigmatism despite the use of surface modulators, such as methylcellulose. A hyperopic shift secondary to corneal flattening was encountered in approximately 50% of the patients. A combination of myopic ablation, followed immediately by a secondary hyperopic steepening, may minimize this refractive change. The 193-nm excimer laser is an effective new tool in the treatment of selected patients with superficial corneal opacity from a variety of conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-498
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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