Clinical value of the postpacing interval for mapping of ventricular tachycardia in patients with prior myocardial infarction

Frank Bogun, Bradley Knight, Rajiva Goyal, S. Adam Strickberger, Stefan H. Hohnloser, Fred Morady*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The postpacing interval (PPI) has been used to discriminate bystander sites from critical sites within a ventricular tachycardia (VT) reentry circuit, with a PPI that is similar to the VT cycle length (CL) being indicative of a site within the reentry circuit. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical value of the PPI for identifying effective target sites for ablation of VT at sites of concealed entrainment in patients with prior myocardial infarction. Methods and Results: In 24 patients with coronary artery disease and a past history of myocardial infarction, 36 VTs with a mean CL of 483 ± 80 msec (± SD) were mapped and targeted for radiofrequency (RF) ablation. The only criterion used to select target sites for ablation was concealed entrainment. In a post hoc analysis, the PPI was measured at 47 ineffective and 26 effective ablation sites. The mean PPI-VTCL difference at the 26 effective sites (114 ± 137 msec) did not differ significantly from the mean at the 47 ineffective sites (177 ± 161 msec; P = 0.1). The sensitivity of a PPI-VTCL difference ≤ 30 msec for identifying an effective ablation site was 46%, the specificity 64%, the positive predictive value 41%, and the negative predictive value 68%. Conclusion: The PPI-VTCL difference is not useful for discriminating between sites of concealed entrainment that are within or outside of a VT reentry circuit in patients with prior infarction. Therefore, in patients with prior infarction, the PPI is not clinically useful for identifying sites of concealed entrainment at which RF ablation should or should not be attempted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-51
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Concealed entrainment
  • Postpacing interval
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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