Cloning of a higher plant elongation factor 2 cDNA: Expression of eEF2 and α subunit of eEF1B in sugar beet cells during phosphate and carbohydrate starvation

Rolf Vogel, Ruth Viereck, Andrea Murmann, Thomas Rausch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In ribosomal protein synthesis of higher plants, the peptide elongation step depends, like in other eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms, on several elongation factors, i.e. eEF1A, eEF1B (composed of three subunits; α, β, γ) and eEF2. We have isolated a full-length cDNA clone for eEF2 from sugar beet. The eEF2 protein sequence as predicted from the cDNA shows highest homology with eEF2 from Chlorella kessleri, but is also highly similar to other eukaryotic eEF2s. We have analyzed the transcript amounts for eEF1B (α-subunit) and eEF2 in phosphate- and carbohydrate-starved sugar beet suspension-cultured cells and compared them with the transcript levels present in exponentially growing cells. Phosphate starvation affected growth but not the expression of both elongation factors. The dramatic decrease of eEF2 mRNA in response to carbohydrate starvation indicates that eEF2 expression is more sensitive towards nutrient depletion than expression of the eEF1B α-subunit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-196
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Volume154
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999

Keywords

  • Beta vulgaris L. (sugar beet)
  • Carbohydrate starvation
  • Elongation factors 1B (α-subunit) and 2 (eEF2)
  • Gene expression
  • Phosphate starvation
  • Translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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