While many neuronal membrane-anchored proteins undergo proteolytic cleavage, little is known about the biological significance of neuronal ectodomain shedding. Using mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics, we showed that the neuronal sheddome mirrors human cerebrospinal fluid (hCSF). Among shed synaptic proteins in hCSF was the ectodomain of CNTNAP2 (CNTNAP2-ecto), a risk factor for neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). Using structured-illumination microscopy (SIM), we mapped the spatial organization of neuronal CNTNAP2-ecto shedding. Using affinity chromatography followed by MS, we identified the ATP2B/PMCA Ca2+ extrusion pumps as novel CNTNAP2-ecto binding partners. CNTNAP2-ecto coimmunoprecipitates with PMCA2, a known autism risk factor, and enhances its activity, thereby modulating neuronal Ca2+ levels. Finally, we showed that CNTNAP2-ecto regulates neuronal network synchrony in primary cultures and brain slices. These data provide new insights into the biology of synaptic ectodomain shedding and reveal a novel mechanism of regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis and neuronal network synchrony.
- mass spectrometry
- neural synchrony
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)